Francis of Assisi (born Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone; 1181 – October 3, 1226) was an Italian Catholic friar and preacher. He founded the men's Franciscan Order, the women’s Order of St. Clare, and the Third Order of Saint Francis for men and women not able to live the lives of itinerant preachers followed by the early members of the Order of Friars Minor or the monastic lives of the Poor Clares. Though he was never ordained to the Catholic priesthood, Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in history.

Francis was the son of a wealthy foreign cloth merchant in Assisi, and he lived the high-spirited life typical of a wealthy young man, even fighting as a soldier for Assisi. While going off to war in 1204, Francis had a vision that directed him back to Assisi, where he lost his taste for his worldly life. On a pilgrimage to Rome, he joined the poor in begging at St. Peter's Basilica. The experience moved him to live in poverty. Francis returned home, began preaching on the streets, and soon amassed a following. His Order was authorized by Pope Innocent III in 1210. He then founded the Order of Poor Clares, which became an enclosed religious order for women, as well as the Order of Brothers and Sisters of Penance (commonly called the Third Order).

In 1219, he went to Egypt in an attempt to convert the Sultan to put an end to the conflict of the Crusades. By this point, the Franciscan Order had grown to such an extent that its primitive organizational structure was no longer sufficient. He returned to Italy to organize the Order. Once his community was authorized by the Pope, he withdrew increasingly from external affairs. In 1223, Francis arranged for the first Christmas manger scene. In 1224, he received the stigmata, making him the first recorded person to bear the wounds of Christ's Passion. He died during the evening hours of October 3, 1226, while listening to a reading he had requested of Psalm 141.

On July 16, 1228, he was pronounced a saint by Pope Gregory IX. He is known as the patron saint of animals, the environment, and is one of the two patron saints of Italy (with Catherine of Siena). It is customary for Catholic and Anglican churches to hold ceremonies blessing animals on his feast day of October 4. He is also known for his love of the Eucharist, his sorrow during the Stations of the Cross, and for the creation of the Christmas creche or Nativity Scene.


Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone Poems

Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone Quotes

If a superior give any order to one who is under him which is against that man's conscience, although he do not obey it yet he shall not be dismissed.
Saint Francis of Assisi (c. 1182-1226), Italian friar, founder of the Franciscan Order. quoted in J.R.H. Moorman, The Sources for the Life of St. Francis of Assisi (1940). Third Admonition of the Order (1221).

Comments about Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone

Oilibheir Álain Christie 28 Mar 2017 08:06
A biographical note but no poem - strange. You haven't included the so-called Prayer of St Francis (for Peace) . And you were right not to do so. Because its attribution to St Francis is a hoax and a seven-century anachronism. I can't blame Duncan Wyllie for naively falling into the trap of this urban legend, he is not the first one to have followed that false track (I only discovered the truth some 12 or 13 years ago): neither is he the last one, I'm afraid. But the Canticle of Brother Sun was definitely penned by San Francesco. I have posted an English translation and a French one. [https: //] [https: //] Each time, I have added the Umbrian Urtext. Is it so difficult to publish it, gentlemen of