Phyllis Rose (born October 26, 1942) is an American literary critic, essayist, biographer, and educator.
Rose was born Phyllis Davidoff, the third child of Eli and Minnie P. Davidoff, and spent her childhood on the south shore of Long Island, attending Lawrence (NY) High School. She graduated from Radcliffe College in 1964 summa cum laude and spent the following year studying English literature at Yale University, for which work she holds an MA. She returned to Harvard to complete her graduate studies, specializing in nineteenth-century English literature and receiving a Ph.D. in 1970 with a dissertation on Charles Dickens, written under the direction of Jerome Hamilton Buckley.
She began her teaching career in 1969 as an assistant professor of English at Wesleyan University in Middletown, CT, and rose progressively to associate professor and full professor with tenure in 1976. She remained on the faculty of Wesleyan until her early retirement in 2005, spending one year (1981-82) as a visiting professor of English at the University of California at Berkeley.
Rose was divorced from her first husband, Mark Rose, also an English professor and writer, in the mid 1970s and has a son from that marriage, Ted Rose. In 1990 she married Laurent de Brunhoff, the French-born author and illustrator of the Babar the Elephant books. Since 1985 Rose has worked with him on the series. They live in Key West, Florida and New York City.