Just because scientists say it doesn't make it true.
by Paul Hartal
There was no Big Bang. The Big Bang never happened.
Still, a cohort of astrophysicists insist that about
13.8 billion years ago our universe was born
in an enormous cosmic explosion. It sprang forth
into existence, they say, ex nihilo, out of nothing.
Now, according to the Big Bang Theory, space, time,
matter and energy were all initially squeezed into
a tiny, a less than proton-sized dense singularity,
which blew up in a colossal firecracker event
and thus, asserts the theory, our universe sprang
into existence, inflating and expanding rapidly
in every direction of the cosmos.
However, let us face it: A careful examination
of the Big Bang Theory shows that there never was
such an event. The Big Bang never happened.
The idea of a cosmic Big Bang crops up first in 1848,
in Edgar Allan Poe's 40,000 word prose poem,
"Eureka".Here Poe discusses man's relationship
to God and describes his intuitive vision of an oscillating
universe, wherein creation and destruction follow
each other in cycles.
However, it was only in the 20th century
that the scientific hypothesis of the Big Bang began
to assume form. The rise of the Big Bang Theory
involved theoretical implications found in Einstein's
Theory of Relativity and astronomical research.
An important step for the development of the theory
Was astronomer Edwin Hubble's discovery in the
Early 1920s that the galaxies in the universe
are receding from each other. This led to the conjecture
that initially the galaxies were clumped together.
Based on Hubble's discovery, Georges Lemaitre
in 1927 proposed that the universe was expanding
from the "Cosmic Egg" of the primeval atom.
Two decades later the physicist George Gamow
Proposed that the universe resulted from a
Primordial explosion of matter.
" Celebrated as a landmark discovery,
in 1965 Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discovered
a faint radiation coming from space, which they
interpreted as evidence confirming the Big Bang.
Astronomers claim that in the beginning, at time zero,
all the matter, energy, space and time in the universe
were packed into aninfinetely dense point, called
singularity. Tinier than a proton, this singularity
exploded 13.8 billion years ago, they say. Similarly
to the Biblical story in Genesis, the Big Bang occurred
ex nihilo, a scientific miracle: creation out of nothing.
Contrary to the commonly held belief
that the Big Bang is a fact, like spide webs and pizza,
it is not. The Big Bang Theory is a scientific myth.
Actually, a leading science journal, "Nature", in its
Editorial of August 1988, "Down with the Big Bang",
called the theory "unacceptable".
One of the leading physicists challenging the Big Bang
Theory, Nobel laureate Hannes Alfven is a pioneer of
Plasma cosmology, who rejects the notion
that the origin of the universe begins with
a colossal explosion.Instead of viewing gravity
as the dominant shaping force of the Big Bang,
the electrically charged gases of cosmic plasma
with their electric and magnetic forces, along with
gravity, organize matter into stars and galexies.
Alfven points out that even if the Hubble expansion
Of the universe is correct, it does not follow that
There was a Big Bang.
We still don't know whether the universe is finite
or infinite.When we look at Polaris, the North Star,
we look at the brightest star at in the constellation
of Ursa Minor,434 light years away and ago.Sirius,
a binary star system and the brightest star in our
night sky, shines 8.6 light years away and ago.
These, and countless billions of other stars, represent
as Einstein put it, "an aggregate of nonsimultaneous
events."We can observe stars in the night sky
as energy radiating events although many of them
probably don'teven exist by now.
From the nonsimultaneous scenario of the cosmos
the visionary system theorist Buckminster Fuller
drew the conclusion thatthe universe is inherently
eternal and it "could not have begun with a Big Bang"
It was the distinguished astrophysicists Fred Hoyle
who on a BBC radio programme broadcast on March
28,1949, coined the term "Big Bang".However,
Hoyle disagreed with the interpretation of the concept
of an expanding universe. He saw the idea that
the cosmos had a beginning as pseudoscience
that invites arguments for a creator.
Beginning in 1948, Hoyle sarted to formulate
the Steady State Theory of the Universe
in collaboration with Thomas Gold and Herman
Bondi.As an alternative to the Big Bang,
the Steady State Theory envisioned the universe
as eternal and essentially unchanging despite
galaxies moving away from each other.
It assumes that new matter is created all the time
in the universe and that the formation of new
galaxiesfills up the gaps left behind by those
that migrated. The Steady State Theory conjures up
the image of a flowing river iIn which particular
water molecules arein constant flux, yet,
on the whole, the river itself does not change.
But science fails to explain the mystery of existence.
The Steady State Theory is no closer to ultimate truths
than the Big Bang.In view of the shaky scientific
foundation of the latter, its enduring acceptance
is quite surprising.
Rather than a staunch scientific theory,
the Big Bang appears to be a pseudo-scientific myth.
Its pivotal flaws include the fact that the theory
Is supported more by mathematical formulae
than solid empirical evidence.In this regard Einstein
warns us that the correspondence between
the Queen of Sciences (mathematics)and reality
does not warrant certainty; whereasRusselldefines
mathematics "as the subject in which we never
know what we are talking about, nor whether
what we are saying is true."
Another basic problem with the Big Bang involves
the fact that there are not enough stars and galaxies
in the observable universe to buttress the theory.
According to calculations, the density of the universe
is one atom for every 10 cubic meters of space. This
density does not allow the formation of stars and
galaxies to spread out across the cosmos. It seems
that 99 % of the mass that would be necessary
for the Big Bang to occur is missing.
Now, in order to explain how the universe could spring
into existence nevertheless, astrophysicists came up
with a creative idea and invented the invisible
mass of Dark Matter. However, no such Dark Matter
has been found so far.
An additional hole in the Big Bang hypothesis
concerns the problem it predicts the presence of
much more Helium, Deuterium and Lithium
in the universe than actually exist. Furthermore,
it assumes that the universe is smooth and
homogeneous. But in reality the cosmos is clumpy.
In it large empty spaces separate stars and galaxies.
Billions of stars form huge clusters and super-clusters
of galaxies snaking through hundreds of light years
in space, like meandering ribbons and wandering
tapestries of the mysterious universe.
According to the Big Bang Theory it was about
13.8 billion years ago when a gigantic explosion of
the infinitely dense singularity created the universe.
However, mathematical calculations show that 13.8
Billion years are not enough for the development
of superclusters of galaxies. You would need
80 to 100 billion years for such superclusters to form.
And, besides, you would need also ten times