Susan L. Taylor (born January 23, 1946) is an American editor, writer, and journalist. She served as editor-in-chief of Essence from 1981 through 2000. In 1994, American Libraries referred to Taylor as "the most influential black woman in journalism today".
Taylor was born in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City to a Trinidadian mother and a father from St. Kitts. She grew up in East Harlem, where her father owned a clothing store. She went to a Catholic school. As a teenager, she moved with her family to the New York borough of Queens.
In 1987, Taylor received the Matrix Award from New York Women in Communications.
The Magazine Publishers of America gave Taylor its Henry Johnson Fisher Award, considered one of the industry's highest honors, in 1998. She was the first African-American woman to receive the award.
In 2002, Taylor was inducted into the American Society of Magazine Editors' Hall of Fame for her work at Essence.
In 2003, Exceptional Women in Publishing (EWIP), formerly Women in Periodical Publishing, presented Taylor its fifth annual Exceptional Woman in Publishing award.
The NAACP gave Taylor its President's Award in 2006.
Taylor is an honorary member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority; she was inducted on July 13, 2013.